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Karnak Temple

final2-1In Luxor there are two grand temple — Luxor and Karnak. Karnak Temple — the largest temple complex of ancient Egypt — brings together a series of buildings, more like a separate city than a temple. The dimensions of the temple — 1.5 km by 700 m. It is the second most popular in Egypt after the pyramids. The temple consists of three parts, one of which is dedicated to Amun-Ra, the other — the queen of Mut, the wife of Amun-Re, and the third — the son of Queen Mut and the god Amun-Ra — Honus — which was considered a lunar deity.
Straw Karnak temple began around the 20th century. BC. Each Pharaoh then somehow finishing work of the temple. In total, the construction of the complex took 13 centuries. Karnak consists of 33 churches and halls. In fact, this open-air museum. At the entrance to Karnak Temple is located avenue of sphinxes ramheaded.
After going down the avenue of sphinxes and passing powerful pylon, you will find yourself in the temple of Ramses, the right of which will find another number ramheaded sphinxes, and under each — a small statue of the pharaoh. At the entrance to the temple stands a statue of Ramses, and on the left side of the entrance — a chapel Network II. It has three entrances in three sanctuaries — the gods Amun, his wife Mut and their son Honus. Following on, you get a powerful columned hall. Once there was a roof over the columns, but after the fall of the temple and the earthquake in ’27 BC, the roof collapsed, and now only the columns prop sky. 12 central columns have a height of 23 m. The rest just below. 134 huge pillars affect its scale and grandeur. Being in this room, involuntarily start to think: well is it built all the people? Just imagine: on the plane top of the column can accommodate 50 people.
Strolling down the maze of Karnak temple, you will see the pylons, which can determine the boundaries of the expansion of the temple in the old days, the courtyard of Amenhotep III in the form of a lone obelisk, which is located near the third and fourth pylon. Also tridtsatimetrovy lone obelisk of Queen Hatshepsut near the fourth pylon. After the sun obelisks located halls, the most famous of which is the «Botanical Garden», which shows the different colors and unusual animals.
The size of the sacred lake — 120h77, when something close to it is a small room where they lived geese — the sacred bird of Amun. Water from the lake is used by the priests for holy bathing statues of the gods. At the exit of the temple of Karnak seen later sanctuary — Islamic.

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