In Luxor there are two grand temples: Luxor and Karnak. Karnak Temple is the largest temple complex of ancient Egypt. It brings together a series of buildings, and looks more like a separate city than a temple. The dimensions of the temple are 1.5 km by 700 m. It is the second most popular place in Egypt after the pyramids. The temple consists of three parts, one of which is dedicated to Amun, the other — to the queen of Mut, the wife of Amun, and the third — to the son of Queen Mut and the god Amun — Honus — which was considered a lunar deity.
Karnak temple construction was started around the 20th century BC. Each Pharaoh somehow was finishing work of the temple. In total, the construction of the complex took 13 centuries. Karnak consists of 33 churches and halls. In fact, this is an open-air museum. At the entrance to Karnak Temple is located avenue of sphinxes ram-headed.
After going down the avenue of sphinxes and passing the powerful pylon, you will find yourself in the temple of Ramses, on the right side of which you will find another ram-headed sphinxes, and under each there is a small statue of the pharaoh. At the entrance to the temple stands a statue of Ramses. It has three entrances in three sanctuaries: the gods Amun, his wife Mut and their son Honus. Following on, you will get to a powerful columned hall. Earlier there was a roof over the columns, but after the fall of the temple because of the earthquake in 27th century BC, the roof collapsed. 12 central columns have a height of 23 m. The rest are lower. 134 huge pillars affect by its scale and grandeur. Being in this room, involuntarily you are starting to think: well was it really built by people? Just imagine: on the plane top of the column can accommodate 50 people.
Strolling down the maze of Karnak Temple, you will see the pylons, which can determine the boundaries of the expansion of the temple in the old days, the courtyard of Amenhotep III in the form of a lone obelisk, which is located near the third and fourth pylon. Also there are a 30 m lone obelisk of Queen Hatshepsut near the fourth pylon. There are located obelisks halls, the most famous is the «Botanical Garden», which shows the different colors and unusual animals.
The size of the sacred lake is 120 km, close to it is a small room where lived geese — the sacred birds of Amun. Water from the lake was used by the priests for holy bathing statues of the gods. At the exit of the temple of Karnak you can see a later sanctuary — Islamic.