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Jam — Roman city

dzhemilaJam — Roman city in North Africa, about 50 killometrah south of the modern city of Setif in Algeria. Founded in 96 BC under the name Kuikul by Emperor Nerva as a fortified military camp (originally a nearly perfect square, where the two main streets are perpendicular to each other and divided the territory into four equal parts — as is done in Timgad, a typical ancient Roman planned construction). The city was inhabited by veteran legionnaires who obtained the piece of land for longevity.

The following 100 years, the city grows, it will be held on the Forum, as well as several temples, an amphitheater for 5 thousand people, market, bathhouse. The first luxury mansions Dzhemile date from the end of II century BC, indicating that the growth of the welfare of the inhabitants of the city and the beginning of social stratification. In the middle of the III century, a series of dry years leads to starvation, but the city fairly quickly overcome the crisis and to the IV century again rapidly increasing. At this time, there is a treatment of active people to Christianity and built Dzhemile Baptistry and the Basilica. Around the city are divided olive groves, between which the sea rustles yellow wheat.

The tale ended in the year 431, when the city was occupied by the Vandals. And although, in 533, it was reconquered by the Byzantines, people leave it — the climate began to change, the desert begins, the rains become rare.

The first excavations in the modern times began in 1909. Roman sculpture was found, and the remains of the beautiful mosaics — all this can now be seen at the Museum of Cemil. Also, up to now well preserved majestic Roman baths, triumphal arch of Emperor Caracalla, an amphitheater and a graceful colonnade that runs along the main street. In one of the descriptions of the amphitheater Cemil found an interesting phrase: «If a man standing at the bottom of chirknet match to the upper tiers of the sound of small explosions run so far.» In 1982 the entire complex of the former Roman city Djemila was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Finally, I want to mention the famous Frenchman Albert Camus. As a person born and raised in Algeria, it is a sufficient number of his works devoted to this country. There he essays and Dzhemile — «The Wind in the Jam», maybe it is interesting to look at this site through the eyes of the French writer.