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Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum in Hanoi

 

HoChiMinh_mausoleumIn fact, there is not only one mausoleum, and the whole architectural complex, which consists of five objects. Mausoleum of the former president of Vietnam — only the center of them. Its construction was started in 1973, four years after the death of Ho Chi Minh. Tellingly, the author and the chief architect of the project of construction of the memorial was our compatriot Harold Isakovic, who worked on the project and the Lenin memorial in Ulyanovsk. Construction took two years. Externally, the mausoleum is a bit like a large lotus. On the second floor by stairs of stone up there, to see the coffin, made of transparent glass, through which you can see the president. The road to the mausoleum and the area in front of it planted ivy and rare trees brought from distant provinces of the country as a gift from the people.

In fact, there is not only one mausoleum, and the whole architectural complex, which consists of five objects.
Ho Chi Minh Museum is also built to resemble a lotus (though otherwise), and also built G. Isakovich. However, for the museum started late, only in 1985. The building is octagonal in plan and is divided into two parts. At the top there are four major elements of square windows, which, according to the authors, like the petals. The museum was opened in 1990, the centenary year of the president and in recognition of the Ho Chi Minh UNESCO hero and savior of the country. Inside are 400 square meters. m of exhibition space, a ceremonial hall, a library, an archive of more than 100 thous. documents, several conference rooms. Here, visitors can get acquainted with the everyday life of the president, examined his personal belongings, documents and photographs, as well as learn more about the Vietnamese revolution as a whole.

For his work on the mausoleum architect Isakovic was awarded the title of Hero of Labor of Vietnam.
Near the mausoleum you can see the house of Ho Chi Minh on stilts. It is a wooden structure with a balcony and a terrace, which was built in 1958. The house is surrounded by a garden with flowers, ornamental shrubs and fruit trees. And last — it presents residents of different parts of the country. In a stilt house, you can stop by to see how he lived and worked as a president of any drinking cups of tea and what clothes to wear.

The Presidential Palace, which is also within the complex — much more impressive and ceremonial building. It was built in 1906 for the French governor-general. The chief architect was also a Frenchman, and architectural style, which decided the building, it is clearly evident. It is well traced features of the Italian Renaissance, and is easy to imagine looking at the palace, he is in some of the European capitals. The governor lived in the palace until 1945, and after Vietnam gained independence, the building was used for official receptions. To live in it Ho Chi Minh refused on principle. Currently, the palace is the current residence of the President.