Guinea is located in the West Africa, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, and has the 300-kilometer indented coastline. It’s area is about 245.836 km2. Until 1958, Guinea was a colony of France, now it is a presidential republic with a population of about 7.4 million people. The official language is French. Most of Guinea territory lies in subequatorial belt. Average air temperature is from 18 ° to 27 ° C, the hottest month is April, the coldest is August. Precipitation falls mainly in the summer, but the territory is very unevenly distributed: on the coast there are 170 rainy days a year, falls to 4300 mm of rain, and in the inland areas, separated from the ocean mountain range, there is no more than 1500 mm.
The country is located within the ancient African platform, broken by numerous faults, with the outputs of volcanic rocks. Deep river valleys and hilly low mountain massifs make Guinea to be a hill country. The biggest hill is Fouta Djallon (the highest mountain here – Tamgas, 1537 m), limiting the narrow coastal lowland and upland North Guinea on the south-east of the country (the highest mountain in Guinea is Nimba, 1752 m above the sea level). Fouta Djallon Plateau geographers called «water tower of West Africa». Here begin the major rivers of the region, they are the Gambia and Senegal. Here, at the North of Guinea, starts the Niger River (here called Djoliba). Numerous rivers of Guinea are usually unnavigable because of the numerous rapids and waterfalls, and also due to the sharp fluctuations of the water level.
Traveller is striking by the bright red or red-brown soils of savannas and forests of Guinea, rich for iron oxides. Despite the poverty of the soil, complicating agriculture, natural vegetation is very rich. Along the rivers there are still preserved tropical rainforests, although in most of other places, as a result of human activity, it replaced with dry tropical forests and wooded savannas. In the north you can see the real savanna, and on the ocean coast — mangroves. Not far from the ocean shore there are common coconut palm, Guinea oil palm and other exotic plants, that grow even along the streets of major cities. The fauna of the country is still rich: elephants, hippos, various types of antelope, panthers, cheetahs, numerous monkeys (especially baboons that live in large herds). It is also important to mention forest cats, hyenas, mongooses, crocodiles, large and small snakes and lizards and hundreds of types of birds. There are numerous insects, among which are lots of dangerous, carrying pathogens of yellow fever and sleeping sickness (tsetse fly).
Almost all of Guinea’s population belongs to the Negroid race. Most of them are the Fulani people inhabiting mainly the plateau Fouta Djallon. Other nations belong to a linguistic subgroup of the Mande: Malinke, Korak, Susu. The official French language speak only a small part of the population, and the most common languages are Fula, Malinke, Soussou. 60% of the population is the Muslims, about 2% are Christians, rest of them follow traditional beliefs. Most of the population is engaged in agriculture (animal husbandry and the cultivation of rice, cassava, sweet potato, corn). The capital and largest city of Guinea is Conakry (about 1400 thousand inhabitants). Other major cities are predominantly industrial centers and transportation hubs Cancun, Ph.D., Labe, as a rule, are not interesting for tourists.