Cyprus — is an island in Mediterranean sea, not far from the Turkey coast.
Climate. The climate on the island is subtropical Mediterranean, with hot summers and mild, relatively rainy winters. Rains usually starts from late October and continuous till April. The climate in Cyprus is considered to be the healthiest in the world. The number of sunny days a year — 340. The average January temperature + 10-15° C, in July + 25-30° C, precipitation is 300-1300 mm.
Flora in the foothills and on the plains (up to a height of 500 m) is dominated by thickets of evergreen shrubs (maquis, organa). Forests remain mainly in the mountains and cover about 20% of the territory, composed of oak, cypress, Aleppo pine, giant cacti. There groves lemon trees and orange trees. Totally on the island, there are 1890 different types of trees, including endemic, unique for this area. The flora of Cyprus called a botanical paradise. In the forests grow anemones, and the edges of roads and on vacant lots — asphodel, which were considered to have mysterious colors of the underworld in ancient times.
Fauna. The fauna of Cyprus is poorer than flora. There are wild sheep (mouflon), chameleons, lizards, turtles, squirrels, weasels, wild rabbits and snakes. There are more than 300 types of bird found dipper, big tits, jays, crows crested, crossbills, larks, nightingales, Imperial eagles and vultures.
Permanent rivers are not available.
Sights. Remains of Colossus of Rhodes, the ruins of Mycenaean colony of Curium and the Phoenician city of Ama-myc, the Greek gymnasium and temples, Byzantine monasteries, Crusader castles, Venetian castle of the XII century, Gothic cathedrals, the Turkish mosque. Magnificent Cyprus holiday – Parade of colors.
Useful information for tourists.
Greek Cypriots are friendly, hospitable people. In conversations is better not to touch the topic of occupation of the island by the Turks.
To make photo and video in public museums is necessary to have a special permit, there must be a written request. It is forbidden to take pictures of a border zone between the two parts of Cyprus, soldiers and military installations.
When visiting monasteries and churches women should be covered to the shoulders and wear skirts, not trousers, men should wear pants instead of shorts. In addition, in the churches, as a rule, is prohibited to make photo and video.
Despite the dominance of the metric system of weights and measures, the main measure of weight in Cyprus is the drachma (100 drachmas equal to 320 grams).
Tips in restaurants are usually 10% of the invoice amount and 3% — in favor of the Cyprus Tourism Organization. The hotel decided to leave a few coins maids. The taxi is usually the sum rounded up in a big way.